REPORT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has the honor to submit its preliminary report to the General Assembly, in compliance with the provisions of Article 53.f of the Charter of the Organization of American States.
report contains five chapters and has been prepared in accordance with
resolution 331 (VIII-O/80) of the General Assembly and Article 63 of the new
Regulations of the Commission.
I is a brief summary of the Commissionís origin and juridical bases.
This Chapter also contains a brief account of the Commissionís
relationship with other organs of the inter-American system and regional and
global institutions of a similar nature during 1989 and 1990.
II refers to the activities undertaken by the Commission during the period
covered by this report. Emphasis is
placed on the Commissionís principal activities, as well as the subjects it
dealt with and the most important measures taken during its last session.
It includes the participation of the Commission in the nineteenth regular
session of the General Assembly as well as the resolutions adopted by this organ
in relation to the work of the Commission in the field of human rights.
first two chapters, with the exception of sections c. and d. of Chapter II,
which describes the Commissionís on-site visit to Haiti and its joint meeting
with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, were submitted to the Permanent
Council on March 1, 1990, and the remaining three were approved by the
Commission at its May 1990, 77th Ordinary Period of Sessions.
These latter three chapters form an addendum.
Together the five chapters constitute the Commissionís Annual Report
for the period September 1989-May 1990. This
procedure was adopted to permit a normal adjustment to the Organizationís new
III is entitled ďResolutions on Individual Cases.Ē
This chapter contains several resolutions adopted by the Commission
regarding specific cases presented to it, which the Commission processed in
accordance with the applicable legal provisions.
Chapter IV the Commission has included special reports on developments in the
human rights situation in Cuba, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua,
panama, Paraguay, and Suriname, all of which have been the subject of previous
Commission reports in these countries during the period encompassed by this
V constitutes a study by the Commission on areas in which the States should
institute measures to further the cause of human rights, in accordance with the
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and the American Convention
on Human Rights. At this time, the
Commission in this chapter shall refer to the current state of human rights and
to the measures which, in its judgment, should be adopted to accelerate this
process; the important subject of political rights and representative democracy;
and to an initiative to promote an instrument for the purpose of defining the
rights of indigenous peoples on the occasion of the 500th anniversary in 1992 of
the encounter of two worlds.