The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has
the honor to submit its report to the General Assembly, in compliance
with the provisions of Article 53.f of the Charter of the
Organization of American States.
This report contains six chapters and has been prepared in
accordance with Resolution 331 (VIII-0/80) of the General Assembly
and Article 63 of the new Regulations of the Commission.
Chapter I is a brief summary of the Commission's origin and
juridical bases. This
chapter also contains a brief account of the Commission's relationship
with other organs of the inter-American system and regional and
global institutions of a similar nature during 1991.
Chapter II refers to the activities undertaken by the Commission
during the period covered by this report.
Emphasis is placed on the Commission's principal activities, as
well as the subjects it dealt with and the most important measures taken
during its various sessions. It
includes the participation of the Commission in the twentieth regular
session of the General Assembly as well as the resolutions adopted by
this organ in relation to the work of the Commission in the field of
Chapter III is entitled "Reports on Individual Cases." This chapter contains several decisions adopted by the
Commission regarding specific cases presented to it, which the
Commission processed in accordance with the applicable legal provisions.
In Chapter IV the Commission has included special reports on
developments in the human rights situation in Cuba, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama, and Suriname, all of which have
been the subject of previous Commission reports, in order to examine
developments in the observance of human rights in these countries during
the period encompassed by this report.
Chapter V contains a report on the situation of Haitians in the
In Chapter VI, the Commission has prepared a study on those areas
in which the States must take measures to improve the observance of
human rights, in furtherance of the American Declaration of the Rights
and Duties of Man, the American Convention on Human Rights, and
recommendations from the General Assembly to the IACHR.
Finally, the current state of Conventions and Protocols on Human
Rights, approved within the inter-American system, and press
communiques issued by the IACHR during the period covered in this Annual
Report are included as Annexes.