The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has
the honor to submit its Report to the General Assembly, in compliance
with the provisions of Article 53.f of the Charter of the
Organization of American States.
This Report contains seven chapters and has been prepared in
accordance with Resolution 331 (VIII-0/78) of the General
Assembly and Article 63 of the Regulations of the Commission.
Chapter I is a summary of the Commission's origin and juridical
bases. This chapter also
contains a brief account of the Commission's relationship with other
organs of the inter-American system and regional and global
institutions of a similar nature during 1996.
Chapter II refers to the activities undertaken by the
Commission during the period covered by this Report.
Emphasis is placed on the Commission's principal activities, as
well as the subjects it dealt with and the most important measures
taken during its various sessions.
It includes the participation of the Commission in the
twenty-sixth regular session of the General Assembly as well as the
resolution adopted by this organ in relation to the work of the
Commission in the field of human rights.
Chapter III is entitled "Reports on Individual
Cases." This chapter
contains several decisions adopted by the Commission regarding
specific cases presented to it, which the Commission processed in
accordance with the applicable legal provisions.
This year, Chapter IV contains the status of the preparation of
the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
In Chapter V, the Commission has included sections on the
evolution of the situation of human rights in Colombia, Cuba,
Guatemala and Peru, with the view of analyzing the development that
the situation of human rights in those countries has experienced
during the period covered by this report.
In Chapter VI, the Commission presents a progress report on
conditions of detention in the Americas, a progress report on the
project to promote and protect the right of women in the hemisphere to
be free from discrimination, and also a progress report on the study
of the situation of migrant workers.
In Chapter VII, the Commission presents its recommendations to
member states in areas in which steps need to be taken towards full
observance of the human rights set forth in the American Declaration
of the Rights and Duties of Man and the American Convention on Human